Fuencaliente is the municipality of La Palma that occupies the southern tip of the island of La Palma, in such a way that it is the only one that has a coastline on both sides, one eastern and one western. Therefore, it should not surprise us that the influence of the sea is appreciable in all the archaeological sites of the municipality.
For this reason, where the land and the sea converge, some 140 places are located on the island of La Palma, of which 20 are located on the coasts of Fuencaliente. It cannot be something accidental when the general calculation approaches 4,000 cup-marks. They had to be done with mixed techniques of striking or percussion and scraping for their reduction and polishing of stone on stone due to the absence of metal. Regarding the typologies, circular and conical cups predominate, but we also observe some oval ones. They show a variety of diameters that can go from 5 to 25 or 30 cm; in terms of depth, it ranges from approximately 5 to 30 cm. They usually form groups, from a few (some isolated or in pairs) to formations of several dozen that can exceed one hundred, usually combining different diameters and depths.
The most important groups on the Fuencaliente coast are: Punta de La Tora, Punta and Baja de Las Escaleras, La Colmena, Guincho Grande or Punta del Viento, Las Cabras, La Garza I, II and III, Punta de El Cabezo, Malpique , Porís de Puntalarga, El Navel, El Fondito I and II, Punta del Hombre, La Zamora de Abajo, Porís de La Zamora and Punta del Banco.
His symbolic and religious thoughts allude to and derive from the cosmogony
1. Guincho Grande or Punta del Viento that contains about 130 . The headland extends towards the sea following a line that connects it with the place where the sun rises during the equinoxes. At the opposite extreme, an astronomical phenomenon relevant to the Awara population coincides, such as the emphatic manifestation of the mayor lunar standstill, part of the lunar cycle that occurs every 18.6 years, due to the maximum height of the Viento’s Mountain.
2. Las Cabras with about 200 cup-marks carved on the seashore. Every time the summer solstice arrives, you can see how the sun sets over the Lajío Mountain. Visually, it is also very attractive as the shadow from this mountain, you can see the concentration of cup-marks at Punta de Las Cabras.
3. Porís de Puntalarga. It contains a group of about 50 cup-marks and they were carved in the exact place to determine the arrival of the indigenous equinoxes at the moment when the sun rises behind the Roque de Teneguía.
The sea was an important source of food and it was in the habit of giving thanks with a communion ritual. They placed solid food and / or pouring milk into the cup-marks when there was low tide so that the forces, spirits or goddesses of the sea would symbolically receive the human food they collect when high tide occurred.In turn, the sea was revered as a maternal divinity, the owners had the ability to heal, cleanse, purify, where balance and the origin of life are found. Reciprocity creates a mirror between humans and gods or spirits.
Miguel A. Martín González